Human vision is incredibly accurate and relies on a delicate and complex system of muscles, tissues, and layers. As people age, it is common to experience a loss or worsening of vision because of tissue degradation. The most frequently seen reason behind poor vision in people over the age of 40 is the presence of cataracts on the eye. These cataracts result in blurriness, haziness, and strange reflections of the light. When searching for the proper cataract treatment, it is important to know what kind you have and the symptoms they cause.
There are three types that develop in humans over time:
Each type of cataract presents itself with similar symptoms. They are all caused by the proteins which make up the lens starting to clump together with age, leading to opaque patches that cannot be seen through. Some of the most fundamental symptoms of all cataracts include:
Everyone has the potential to develop cataracts as the body ages. Some people, though, have a greater chance than others. Doctors discovered certain behaviors can lead to a greater chance of proteins fusing, including:
Individuals who have one or more of these characteristics should have their eyes checked on a regular basis to detect early signs of cataracts. When one is found early, you spend less time suffering from the symptoms and can instead move on to treatment to restore your vision.
The most common form of cataract treatment is the use of special eyewear like new glasses, bifocals, and magnification to accommodate the deficiencies or errors in the eye’s natural lens. Using more light and avoiding difficult situations like driving at night will also help. However, optometrists also have other options for individuals seeking a more long lasting fix to the issue.
As technology advances, optometrists are able to take advantage of new machines and materials that allow for the removal of cataracts entirely. A surgeon will remove the eye’s natural lens and replace it with a clear, plastic intraocular lens (IOL). The IOL functions like a normal human lens but does not develop cataracts since it lacks the essential proteins.
To accommodate your need to see, cataract surgery is done on one eye at a time. This gives the eye a chance to heal so you retain partial vision while the treated eye heals. Many modern IOLs include additional features such as resistance to ultraviolent light and radiation, making it easier for older individuals to see during the day.
Thanks to contemporary techniques and technology, using IOLs has become a safe, affordable procedure for many cataract sufferers.
Cataracts can be difficult to handle, especially for individuals who are accustomed to perfect vision. Many people view them as just as inevitability of aging, but this does not have to be the case. If you are starting to develop cataract symptoms, finding treatment near you should be a priority and is a way to avoid the unpleasant daily hazard of blurry or hazy vision.
At Lowcountry Vision Care in Pawleys Island, SC, we offer thorough eye exams and cataract assessments to see if surgical treatment would be beneficial for you. Even if the idea of an IOL makes you uncomfortable, we can offer more moderate solutions like new glasses to overcome the effects of aging.